Post-traumatic stress disorder
In the aftermath of a trauma it often occurs that people feel tense, frightened or sad. The event is continuously on one´s mind and it is difficult to sleep well. People often have exaggerated startle responses and feel hypervigilant to threat. Usually these complaints disappear by itself within a few weeks. Eight percent of people suffer heavily and have long-standing complaints.
They start to avoid situations and activities that remind of the trauma while trying to get a grip on their life. Although time passes, it is as if the trauma happened in the present. These people may suffer from PTSD, which is short for post-traumatic stress disorder.